One thing you may notice is that among Asian cultures there are often ingredients and recipes that are very similar to one another. This is especially the case with a certain pair of ingredients.
These ingredients being dashi for Japanese cuisine and anchovy broth for Korean cuisine.
While they are very similar, they also have several major differences along with a few smaller differences when it comes to comparing dashi and anchovy broth.
Dashi and anchovy broth are very similar in ingredients, though anchovy broth uses entire anchovies as opposed to just flakes of a fish like dashi. As a result, anchovy broth has a much fishier taste to it. While it may still be jam packed with umami from the kelp, anchovy broth will have a much more noticeable fish taste. That taste will be much more subtle in dashi since dashi places more emphasis on the kombu.
One major difference in the making of anchovy broth is that it sometimes has more ingredients than dashi. Rather than just using kombu and fish flakes, anchovy broth also includes onion, garlic, dried mushrooms, and even some radish. With these extra ingredients, it is likely that you will notice the difference in taste if you tried both dashi and anchovy stock at the same time.
Dashi has many uses in Japanese dishes, as it is essentially the backbone of Japan’s culinary culture. While it is most commonly used in miso soup, ramen, and udon, dashi can also be used in sauces along with frying and battering meat and vegetables.
Anchovy broth, like dashi, is often used for soups and stews. Like dashi, anchovy broth is very versatile and is used in many Korean recipes.
Countries that use it
While anyone in any country could make a dish that uses either dashi or anchovy broth, these ingredients do have places where they are the most commonly used. For dashi, that would be Japan, where it was created and developed gradually over several hundred years. Anchovy broth, however, originates from Korea.
Given all the similarities between the two ingredients, their uses, and the region they both came from, it is unclear if there was any cross-culture influence that resulted in their creation. Whether you use dashi or anchovy broth will depend on your personal preference and what recipe you are making. Some dishes will be better suited for one over the other.
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Also read: dashi vs kombu, how are they used