Rice Cookers: What They Are and How They Work

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A rice cooker or rice steamer (also known colloquially as a rice maker in America) is an electric kitchen appliance used to boil or steam rice for human consumption. Electric rice cookers were developed in Japan, where they are known as suihanki (炊飯器).

Rice cookers are great for cooking other things too, like soup, oatmeal, and even pasta. So, what is a rice cooker?  Let’s find out.

What is a rice cooker

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Discovering the Magic of Rice Cookers

Rice cookers (best ones reviewed here) are electrical appliances designed to cook rice perfectly every time. They consist of a bowl, a heating element, and a thermostat. The bowl is usually made of metal, either stainless steel or non-stick coated aluminum. The heating element is located at the bottom of the bowl, and the thermostat is responsible for regulating the temperature and turning off the cooker when the rice is done.

How to Use a Rice Cooker

Using a rice cooker is easy and fuss-free. Here’s how:

  • Measure the rice using the measuring cup that comes with the rice cooker. The cup is usually smaller than a standard measuring cup, and it equals one cup of uncooked rice.
  • Rinse the rice in cold water until the water runs clear.
  • Add the rice to the bowl of the rice cooker.
  • Add water to the bowl according to the markings on the inside of the bowl or the instructions in the manual. The ratio of rice to water depends on the type of rice you’re cooking.
  • Choose the setting on the rice cooker. If you’re using a standard rice cooker, there’s only one setting, but if you’re using a fuzzy logic rice cooker, you can choose from different settings depending on the type of rice you’re cooking.
  • Turn on the rice cooker and let it do its work. The rice cooker will automatically turn off when the rice is done.

Cleaning and Maintenance

Cleaning and maintaining your rice cooker is pretty easy. Here are some tips:

  • Always unplug the rice cooker before cleaning.
  • Remove the bowl and accessories from the casing and wash them with soapy water. Be sure to use a non-abrasive sponge to avoid damaging the non-stick coating.
  • Wipe the casing with a damp cloth.
  • Check the manual for any particular cleaning instructions.
  • Make sure the bowl and accessories are completely dry before putting them back in the rice cooker.

Accessories and Add-ons

Some rice cookers come with accessories and add-ons that can enhance your cooking experience. Here are some examples:

  • Measuring cup: A small cup that comes with the rice cooker and is used to measure the rice.
  • Steam basket: A basket that fits on top of the bowl and allows you to steam vegetables or other food while the rice is cooking.
  • Rice paddle: A plastic or wooden paddle that is used to remove the rice from the bowl.
  • Thermal bag: A bag that allows you to keep the rice warm for longer periods.

The Ins and Outs of Rice Cooker Basics

There is a wide range of rice cookers available today, each with its own set of features and materials. The most typical type is the electric rice cooker, which comes in a variety of sizes and shapes. Some models are equipped with a metal inner cooking pan, while others are made of copper. Knowing the type of cooker you need can affect the overall cooking process and improve the end result.

How Does a Rice Cooker Improve the Cooking Process?

A rice cooker brings a steady temperature to the cooking process, making it easier to cook perfect rice every time. The fuzzy logic element in some models ensures that the rice is cooked to perfection, with fluffy morsels sitting in a little water-boiling-absorbing heaven. The appliance primarily frees up employees to focus on other tasks while the rice cooks, making it a highly efficient piece of equipment in any kitchen.

What Happens Inside a Rice Cooker?

Inside a rice cooker, the inner cooking pan is inserted into the main body of the cooker. The weight of the pan depresses a sensing plate, which quickly gauges the temperature of the liquid inside. As the water boils, the rice absorbs the liquid, and the fuzzy logic element senses when the rice is done. The cooker automatically switches to warm mode, transferring the contents to a warm temperature without overcooking.

Can You Cook Other Varieties of Rice in a Rice Cooker?

Yes, you can cook a wide range of rice varieties in a rice cooker, including brown rice, wild rice, and sushi rice. The cooking time and water-to-rice ratio may vary depending on the type of rice you are cooking, so it’s always a good idea to check the instructions that come with your cooker or do a little research online.

Do You Need to Add Liquid to a Rice Cooker?

Yes, you need to add liquid to a rice cooker to cook rice. The amount of liquid you need depends on the type of rice you are cooking and the rice cooker you are using. Generally, the ratio of water to rice is 1:1.5, but this can vary depending on the type of rice and the cooker you are using.

Also read: water to rice ratio in a rice cooker

Mastering the Art of Cooking Rice with Your Rice Cooker

Step-by-Step Guide to Using Your Rice Cooker

Using a rice cooker is easy and convenient. Here’s how to use it:

1. Measure the rice: Use the measuring cup that comes with your rice cooker to measure the desired amount of rice.

2. Rinse the rice: Rinse the rice in a bowl with cold water until the water runs clear. This will remove any excess starch and dirt.

3. Add water: Add the measured amount of water to the rice in the rice cooker bowl. The general rule of thumb is to use a 1:1.5 ratio of rice to water for white rice. However, this depends on the type of rice you prefer and the function of your rice cooker. Some rice cookers have a dedicated function for cooking brown rice, which requires more water.

4. Mix the rice and water: Gently mix the rice and water together in the bowl.

5. Choose the cooking function: Choose the cooking function on your rice cooker. Some rice cookers have extra functions, such as a delay timer or a slow-cooking function.

6. Start the cooking process: Close the lid and turn on the rice cooker. The cooking time will depend on the type of rice you’re cooking and the amount of rice you’re cooking.

7. Let the rice cooker do its work: Once the rice cooker is done, it will automatically switch to the “keep warm” function. Let the rice sit for a few minutes to allow the entire grain to cool and settle.

8. Check the rice: Open the lid and check the rice for doneness. If it’s not fully cooked, add a little more water and turn the rice cooker back on. If it’s too dry, add a little more water and gently stir the rice with a spatula.

Notes and Tips for Using Your Rice Cooker

  • Always refer to the recipe or the instructions that come with your rice cooker for the best results.
  • The vast majority of rice cookers on the market today use a simple on/off switch, making them super easy to use.
  • When shopping for a rice cooker, consider the materials it’s made of. Cheaper models may use delicate materials that can easily be damaged.
  • If you love sticky rice, use a little less water than the recommended ratio.
  • To produce extra fluffy rice, add a little more water than the recommended ratio.
  • If you’re looking for a special method of cooking rice, read the instructions carefully and play around with the settings until you find what works best for you.
  • Always allow the rice to cool before removing it from the rice cooker bowl. This will prevent any damage to the bowl or the rice cooker itself.
  • Using a rice cooker is a convenient way to cook rice, but it’s important to note that it can take longer than cooking rice on the stovetop.
  • Modern rice cookers offer a variety of functions and features that make cooking rice even better and more convenient.

How Rice Cookers Determine When Your Rice is Perfectly Cooked

When you add rice and water to the bowl of a rice cooker and turn it on, the heating element begins to warm up the appliance’s body. As the temperature increases, the water inside the bowl starts to boil, and the rice absorbs the water. The temperature continues to rise until it reaches the boiling point of water, which is 212 degrees Fahrenheit or 100 degrees Celsius.

Once the water has been absorbed, the temperature inside the cooker plate begins to rise again. The thermostat, which is a sensor that gauges the temperature inside the appliance, sits near the heating element. As the temperature increases, the thermostat gauges the temperature and determines when the rice is cooked.

The Role of the Switch and Sensor

Unlike cooking rice on a stove, rice cookers have a switch that allows you to turn them on and let them do their job. Once you turn on the rice cooker, it starts the cooking process, and the sensor gauges the temperature inside the appliance.

As the rice cooks, the temperature inside the cooker plate increases, and the sensor determines when the rice is fully cooked. Once the rice is cooked, the switch automatically shuts off the heating element, and the appliance will revert to a warm setting to keep the rice warm until you’re ready to serve it.

The Importance of Consistent Temperature and Steady Cooking

The key to perfectly cooked rice is consistent temperature and steady cooking. Rice cookers are designed to provide a steady and consistent temperature throughout the cooking process. This means that the rice will cook evenly, and you won’t have to worry about certain parts of the rice being overcooked or undercooked.

Modern rice cookers have a range of settings that allow you to customize the cooking process to suit your needs. Some rice cookers even have a quick cooking setting that allows you to cook rice in a shorter amount of time.

Water Usage in Rice Cookers: The Truth Unveiled

Rice cookers are a staple in every kitchen, especially for those who love to cook rice. They come in different types, sizes, and features that cater to the needs of every type of cook. One of the most common questions asked about rice cookers is whether they use less water compared to cooking rice on the stove. Here are some related tips and information to help you determine the answer:

The Rice to Water Ratio

The ratio of rice to water is an essential factor in cooking rice. The average ratio is 1:1.5, which means one cup of rice needs one and a half cups of water. However, different types of rice require different ratios. For example, white rice needs less water than brown rice, and wild rice needs more water than both.

How Rice Cookers Control Water Usage

Rice cookers use an internal mechanism that controls the temperature and heat to cook rice perfectly. Here’s how it works:

  • The rice cooker turns on and starts heating the water to boiling point.
  • Once the water boils, the rice cooker turns off the heat and starts steaming the rice.
  • The rice cooker cooks the rice until all the water is absorbed, and the rice is fully cooked.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Using a Rice Cooker

Using a rice cooker has its advantages and disadvantages when it comes to water usage. Here are some of them:


  • Rice cookers use the exact amount of water needed to cook rice, preventing the need to measure and remove excess water.
  • Rice cookers prevent rice from boiling over, which can waste water and make a mess.
  • Rice cookers are perfect for cooking large quantities of rice, which can be challenging to do on the stove.


  • Rice cookers require a specific quantity of rice to cook correctly, which can be limiting if you want to cook a small or large amount.
  • Some rice cookers may not be suitable for tougher seeds, such as brown rice, which may require more water to cook correctly.
  • Rice cookers may need more water to prevent rice from sticking to the bottom, which can be challenging to remove and can cause rust if not prevented.

Rice Cooker vs Cooking Pot: Which is Better for Cooking Rice?

When it comes to cooking rice, there’s always a debate on whether to use a rice cooker or a cooking pot. Some people swear by their rice cookers, while others prefer the traditional method of cooking rice on the stove. So, which one is better? Let’s take a closer look.

The Case for Cooking Pots

While rice cookers have their advantages, some people still prefer to use a cooking pot for cooking rice. Here are some reasons why:

  • Cooking pots are a more versatile appliance. You can use them for a lot more than just cooking rice.
  • Cooking pots are cheaper than rice cookers. If you’re on a budget, a cooking pot might be a better choice.
  • Cooking pots give you more control over the cooking process. You can adjust the heat and the amount of water to get the perfect texture for your rice.

What We Suggest

So, which one is better? It really depends on your personal preference and cooking style. If you’re interested in purchasing a rice cooker, we suggest doing some research and reading reviews to find the best one for your needs. If you’re happy with your cooking pot and want to stick with it, that’s great too! Just remember these tips for cooking rice:

  • Use the right amount of water. The general rule is to use a 1:2 ratio of rice to water.
  • Rinse your rice before cooking to remove any excess starch.
  • Let your rice rest for a few minutes after cooking to allow it to absorb any remaining moisture.
  • Experiment with different types of rice and recipes to find your favorite dishes.

In the end, whether you choose a rice cooker or a cooking pot, the most important thing is to enjoy your delicious food and the world of flavors it brings to your table. And don’t forget to check out our tips for cooking rice perfectly every time!

Keeping Your Rice Cooker Clean and Fresh

Cleaning your rice cooker is an important step in maintaining its functionality and ensuring that your rice always comes out perfect. Without regular cleaning, your rice cooker can become a breeding ground for mold and bacteria, and the starchy residue left behind by cooking rice can cause damage to the internal parts of the cooker.

Supplies You’ll Need

Before you begin cleaning your rice cooker, make sure you have the following supplies on hand:

  • A soft cloth or sponge
  • Hot water
  • Dish soap
  • White vinegar
  • Utensils for scraping off stuck-on rice (a plastic or wooden utensil is best to prevent damage to the non-stick coating)
  • A small brush or toothbrush for tough-to-reach areas


So there you have it- everything you need to know about rice cookers and how to use them. 

They’re a great way to cook rice perfectly every time and much easier than using a pot. So don’t be afraid to try one out!

Check out our new cookbook

Bitemybun's family recipes with complete meal planner and recipe guide.

Try it out for free with Kindle Unlimited:

Read for free

Joost Nusselder, the founder of Bite My Bun is a content marketer, dad and loves trying out new food with Japanese food at the heart of his passion, and together with his team he's been creating in-depth blog articles since 2016 to help loyal readers with recipes and cooking tips.