14 most popular different types of Sushi | Traditional & American

by Joost Nusselder | Updated on:  June 25, 2020

There are just so many types of sushi that you might wonder what to order. In this guide, I have photos, video and all of the popular types explained.

Sushi is categorized to be highly skilled and artistic Japanese cuisine, which has become very popular and common in western countries.

Today, it’s possible to walk into your local retail or grocery store and get a take-away sushi package that you can enjoy in the comfort of your home as you watch Netflix.

a tray full of sushi

However, whether you are enjoying sushi from the comfort of your home or a five-star Japanese restaurant, you cannot deny that sushi is one of the famous Japanese delicacies and is very popular throughout the entire world.

14 most popular types of sushi

In this post, I’ll walk you through the differences between Japanese and American sushi and we’ll take a look at the most popular types of sushi you can find.

5 main types of traditional Japanese sushi

As I will talk about later in this post, there is a big difference between traditional Japanese sushi and American sushi.

Traditional Japanese sushi is much simpler, not dressed much, and it mostly focuses on the fish.

American sushi, on the other hand, focuses more on the sushi rolls, and it is topped with a lot of sauces and garnishes.

Types of Traditional Sushi

With that said, no matter the style you want, always make sure that you understand the type of sushi you want to order before making your order.

The following are the main types of Japanese sushi.


Delicious sashimi

Technically, sashimi is not sushi, even though it is still categorized as sushi.

Whereas sushi is fish served with a ball of rice, which might have some extra ingredients, sashimi is just a raw fish, which is sliced and served as is.

The fish is sliced in long and rectangular slices, which are known as “hira-zukuri”.

Mostly, sashimi is served alongside soy sauce and ginger, which come as its condiments.


How to make sushi nigiri

This is a type of sushi, made out of balls of sushi rice seasoned with rice vinegar, and then it is topped with a slice of raw fish.

Typically, nigiri is mostly served in two pieces, and you can eat it with your bare hands—so long as you have used the hot towel to clean them.


Chirashi is a sushi bowl

The basic Japanese definition of chirashi is “scattered.” So what is chirashi?

This is a bowl of sushi rice, which is seasoned with rice vinegar, and then topped with an assortment of raw fish and different garnishes.

The raw fish used in this dish is usually the chef’s choice.

Chirashi is simple and easy to make, and a convenient meal to eat. In Japan, different toppings are used for this dish, and it depends on the region where this delicacy is being served.

Mostly, chirashi is eaten on Doll Day or Girls Day, Hinamatsuri, a Japanese day celebrated on March 23rd.

Check out our post on the sushi knives you can use to make these yourself


Maki is cut rolled sushi

This is cut-rolled sushi, which is traditionally made using a sheet of nori (seaweed) that’s wrapped with a layer of veggie, rice, and fish.

The sushi is then rolled with a special bamboo mat and then cut into small 6 to 8 pieces.

There are different varieties of maki sushi rolls that you can order in a traditional Japanese restaurant. These varieties range in style and size, and they include:

Gunkan Sushi

Gunkan sushi

This type is like the maki sushi, only it is formed like a ship (Gunkan) with the seaweed wrapped around the side and the filling on top of the rice instead of rolled within.

Also referred to as battleship sushi, it is made by folding roasted seaweed (nori) around a ball of rice seasoned with rice vinegar so that it creates a good shape that can be filled with different ingredients like salmon roe (ikura), oysters, flying fish roe (tobiko), or sea urchin roe (uni).

Popular types of American sushi

Types of American Sushi

Today, there are different varieties of sushi that are served in American restaurants. These varieties are considered to be a western version of the traditional Maki sushi.

Even though these American varieties are not traditional, it does not mean that they are not delicious. The following are some of the common types of American sushi rolls, which are served in various American restaurants.

American sushi is typically a bit less healthy than traditional sushi, if you’re worried about the calorie count read this article we’ve written as well.

California roll

California roll american sushi

These have the appearance of an inside-out sushi roll. A California roll has the rice layer on the outside, and the sheet of seaweed (nori) is on the inside.

Mostly, this sushi roll comprises or imitation crab, avocado, cucumber, and at times flying fish roe (tobiko).

Tempura roll

Closeup of a tempura shrimp sushi roll with sesame seeds

Just like California rolls, tempura rolls have the rice on the outside.

The rice covers a nori sheet, which contains tempura fried shrimp, together with other veggies like cucumber and avocado.

Spicy tuna roll

Chopsticks picking up the top spicy tuna piece for a stack of sushi

These sushi rolls have a sheet of seaweed on the outside and rice on their inside.

The sheet of nori and rice is wrapped around raw tuna, which is then mixed with seasoned and spicy mayonnaise.

Dragon roll

Beautifully decorated and presented dragon sushi roll on a stone plate

These resemble tempura rolls since they use avocado, cucumber, and shrimp tempura. The rice on the dragon rolls is on the outside, and it is mostly sprinkled with sesame seeds.

But, one thing makes these sushi rolls unique, they include thinly sliced avocado on the top of the sushi roll, together with tobiko, and then they are drizzled with spicy unagi sauce and mayonnaise.

Spider roll

Spider roll soft shell crab sushi on a plate in a restaurant

This is a text overlay image of the original work Spider Roll – Soft shell crab sushi by Loren Kerns on Flickr under cc.

These are made using deep-fried soft-shell crab, and they include different fillings like cucumber, lettuce or daikon sprouts, avocado, spicy mayonnaise, and roe.

Rainbow Roll

Closeup of a few pieces of rainbow roll sushi

This is basically a sushi roll that has been topped with different varieties of sashimi.

Most often, the sushi roll that’s covered by sashimi is a California roll, which consists of crab and avocado.

To prepare a rainbow roll, the sushi chef first makes a California roll, and then adds the extra toppings after that to create a rainbow-like color scheme.

Philly roll

Philly sushi roll

This is one of the most common sushi varieties that you will find in America.

This sushi roll comprises of salmon, cucumber, and cream cheese, even though some chefs usually add other ingredients like onion, avocado, and sesame seed.

The roll is known as Philly roll not because it’s from Philadelphia, but because chefs use Philadelphia cream cheese to make the sushi roll.

Vegetarian roll

Plate of green vegetarian sushi pieces

If you were worried about people who don’t like seafood and meat, then there is something for them as well.

Almost every other sushi restaurant usually offers a vegetarian sushi roll. The sushi roll contains different varieties of veggies, including cucumber and avocado.

Volcano roll

Sushi volcano roll

This is a text overlay image of the original work Volcano roll by Quinn Dombrowski on Flickr under cc.

The volcano roll comes with a variety of ingredients—however, all volcano rolls come with one thing in common: the toppings on these rolls make them look as if they want to explode.

That’s the reason why they were given the name “volcano roll.”

What is sushi?

Sushi is a Japanese style of cuisine, they use vegetables, fish (cooked or raw), and then it is mixed with rice that has been seasoned using vinegar.

Most restaurants usually serve wasabi, soy sauce, and pickled ginger alongside this famous Japanese delicacy.

The sushi we enjoy today is a lot different from the sushi that was eaten several years ago.

Originally, sushi was a staple dish of various parts of Asia, and it was basically salted fish that was well-preserved in fermented rice.

Actually, the word “sushi” can be translated to “sour,” and this explains its fermented origins.

The original style of sushi was very popular in japan up to the end of the Edo Era, where it changed to Edomane Zushi—which is a bit closer to the sushi we enjoy eating today.

Different types of traditional Japanese sushi

Traditional sushi was developed by Hanaya Yohei, and it was a bit larger than the original sushi, required fresh fish, didn’t take a lot of time in preparation, and it was to be eaten with bare hands.

Today’s sushi, on the other hand, uses rice soaked in vinegar, and then it’s topped with meat, veggies, fish, a mixture of traditional and at times untraditional ingredients.

There are several varieties of sushi that you can get today, and there is a big difference between Western-style sushi and Japanese-style sushi.

Want to try something different? Try making this healthy brown rice sushi instead

What’s the difference between Western and Japanese sushi?


Type of rice used (brown rice vs. sushi rice)

The Japanese are very specific about the type of rice they use, and they usually use a particular variety of short-grain rice that is perfectly seasoned with sugar, rice vinegar, and salt.

The western restaurants, on the other hand, use brown rice, rather than white short-grain rice. However, the brown rice usually alters the flavor of the sushi and takes away its authenticity.

Levels of complexity

Japanese sushi is very simple, and it comprises of one type of fish, seaweed, some veggies—which are optional, as well as sushi rice soaked in rice vinegar.

The western sushi, on the other hand, they are stuffed with toppings and fillings, which comprise different varieties of fish, vegetables, and any other thing that can fit in the sushi roll.

The American version of sushi, like the rainbow roll, has three varieties of fish, which are placed on top to give the sushi some beautiful appearance.

Then the sushi has some vegetables and avocado on the inside—this can be compared to the American burgers or sandwich that can hold different things whenever possible.

The rolling technique

Traditional Japanese sushi comprises of vinegared sushi rice, raw or cooked fish, and veggies that are wrapped in a nori sheet (seaweed) that is toasted.

American sushi, on the other hand, is rolled inside out, where the nori is on the inside, and the sushi rice on the outside.

Japense vs American sushi


Traditional Japanese sushi should be eaten with only one bite. One sushi roll is mostly cut into six small pieces, which are ideal to be eaten in just one bite.

American sushi roll, on the other hand, is a bit fat, and the roll can produce 8 or more pieces, which cannot be eaten in one bite.

Also read: these rice cookers will make your cooking so much easier

How can you choose the best sushi restaurant?

Choosing the best sushi restaurant is a challenge for many people. However, there are some guidelines that you can follow, which can assist you to have the best sushi experience.

These guidelines include:

What’s the best way to order sushi?

Traditional Japanese sushi restaurants have a basic etiquette that everyone should follow when ordering sushi. Western-style restaurants, on the other hand, you can just order without observing any etiquette. However, there are certain rules that you should follow in both settings.

How to choose the sushi you want to order

What’s the best way to eat sushi?

Sushi etiquette

Although this might look intimidating the first time, understanding your sushi, as well as the information and etiquette that accompanies it can assist you to have an amazing and memorable sushi experience every time.

Bottom Line

When you visit Japan, make sure that you try out as many sushi varieties as possible.

Today, there is something that you will notice when you visit Japan, sushi is found almost at every other corner.

From the shelves of supermarkets and convenience stores to home-prepared sushi rolls, not to forget sanding sushi bars, upmarket sushi restaurants, and conveyor belt sushi restaurant.

Some of these sushi eateries have reservation waiting lists that are booked several months in advance.

If you want to have the best Japanese sushi experience, make sure that you try out sushi whenever and wherever you find it.

Some of these Japanese sushi varieties are hard to find in any other part of the world, putting into consideration that the type of local rice, the fresh seasonings, and veggies used, and the attention to detail of the sushi chefs can only be found in Japan.

Just make sure that your visit to japan gets complemented by having a sushi experience.

Want to know more about making sushi? Then this guide for beginners is for you.

Joost Nusselder, the founder of Bite My Bun is a content marketer, dad and loves trying out new food with Japanese food at the heart of his passion, and together with his team he's been creating in-depth blog articles since 2016 to help loyal readers with recipes and cooking tips.